Periods, as it is known among people, is the release of tissue and blood from the uterine lining. Menstruation cycle length for every woman varies, but the process is the same. The cycle length ranges from 23 to 35 days. Experts at www.CheckPregnancy.com say that the consistency and color of blood during periods varies and is deemed healthy. However, www.mayclinic.org states that many women do not seek medical attention immediately when they see unusual color or clotting. When left untreated for long, blood clots can lead to various other health concerns.
Menstruation- What happens in the body?
During menstruation cycle, the uterus starts preparing for pregnancy by thickening the uterine lining. Your body discards that lining together with blood during your periods. Some women can have menstrual cycle can last 28 days for few others it can be up to 35 days. The average bleeding time can be between 2 days to 7 days.
Are blood clots normal?
The body produces chemicals called the anticoagulants during periods to prevent blood from clotting. Many women especially during heavy days of bleeding experience clots in their menstrual blood. This clot may not happen in all the time but may happen from time to time. When you have heavy periods, these anticoagulants does not have enough time to work, and hence clots are formed.
Blood clots are normal if they are in small quantities. You should seek help from your doctor when you are experiencing heavy bleeding along with expelling many blood clots.
Causes of menstrual problems
Abnormal blood clots do indicate some problems which might need medical intervention. Some of the challenges are:
Fibroids: Fibroids are tumors that are formed in the womb. It is common for women with fibroids to have more than normal bleeding during periods. Fibroids can be one of the reasons.
Hormonal changes: Your body produces hormones called the progesterone and estrogen to control the release of the uterine lining. Due to the imbalance in their production, the lining becomes thick and leads to heavy bleeding and blood clots.
The changes in hormones can be attributed to various factors like
Side Effects of medicines
Excessive weight gain or weight loss
Uterus Size: In some women after pregnancy, the uterus does not shrink back to the normal size. When this happens, menstrual blood pools in the uterus and gets clot before it gets released from the body. It could also result in a dark color blood during periods.
Endometriosis: This is a condition when tissues develop outside of the uterus, this can lead to heavy periods and also blood clots
Diagnosing menstrual problems
Based on the symptoms, your doctor may ask you to undergo various test to find the reason of menstrual blood issues.
Ultrasound of the Vagina: This procedure is used to take images of the inside of your uterus.
Blood tests: This test helps to find out if you are suffering from anemia that can result in loss of blood. This test also helps to find out of the clotting of the blood is properly done.
Biopsy: A small tissue will be removed from the lining of the uterus for further examination.